Growing a Nation

National History Standards & Agriculture

Era 8: The Great Depression and World War II (1929-1945)

STANDARD 1
The causes of the Great Depression and how it affected American society.

Standard 1A
The student understands the causes of the crash of 1929 and the Great Depression.

Grade Level Therefore, the student is able to
5-12 Analyze the causes and consequences of the stock market crash of 1929. [Compare competing historical narratives]
5-12 Evaluate the causes of the Great Depression. [Analyze multiple causation]
9-12 Explain the global context of the depression and the reasons for the worldwide economic collapse. [Evaluate major debates among historians]

Standard 1B
The student understands how American life changed during the 1930s.

Grade Level Therefore, the student is able to
5-12 Explain the effects of the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl on American farm owners, tenants, and sharecroppers. [Analyze multiple causation]
7-12 Analyze the impact of the Great Depression on the American family and on ethnic and racial minorities. [Consider multiple perspectives]

STANDARD 2
How the New Deal addressed the Great Depression, transformed American federalism, and initiated the welfare state.

Standard 2A
The student understands the New Deal and the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Grade Level Therefore, the student is able to
7-12 Analyze the links between the early New Deal and Progressivism. [Compare and contrast differing sets of ideas]
9-12 Contrast the first and second New Deals and evaluate the success and failures of the relief, recovery, and reform measures associated with each. [Compare and contrast differing sets of ideas]
7-12 Explain renewed efforts to protect the environment during the Great Depression and evaluate their success in places such as the Dust Bowl and the Tennessee Valley. [Analyze cause-and-effect relationships]

Standard 2C
The student understands opposition to the New Deal, the alternative programs of its detractors, and the legacy of the New Deal.

Grade Level Therefore, the student is able to
9-12 Explain the reasoning of the Supreme Court decisions on early New Deal legislation and evaluate the Roosevelt administration’s response. [Compare and contrast differing sets of ideas]
5-12 Evaluate the significance and legacy of the New Deal. [Evaluate the implementation of a decision]

STANDARD 3
The causes and course of World War II, the character of the war at home and abroad, and its reshaping of the U.S. role in world affairs.

Standard 3C
The student understands the effects of World War II at home.

Grade Level Therefore, the student is able to
5-12 Explain how the United States mobilized its economic and military resources during World War II. [Utilize visual and quantitative data]
9-12 Evaluate the war’s impact on science, medicine, and technology, especially in nuclear physics, weaponry, synthetic fibers, and television. [Utilize quantitative data]
Back to Top