Growing a Nation

National History Standards & Agriculture

Era 4: Expansion and Reform (1801-1861)

STANDARD 1
United States territorial expansion between 1801 and 1861, and how it affected relations with external powers and Native Americans.

Standard 1A
The student understands the international background and consequences of the Louisiana Purchase, the War of 1812, and the Monroe Doctrine.

Grade Level Therefore, the student is able to
5-12 Analyze the factors that led to Shay's Rebellion. [Analyze multiple causation]
7-12 Explain the dispute over the western lands and evaluate how it was resolved. [Draw upon data in historical maps]
9-12 Explain how the Continental Congress and the states attempted to rebuild the economy by addressing issues of foreign and internal trade, banking, and taxation. [Formulate a position or course of action on an issue]

Standard 1C
The student understands the ideology of Manifest Destiny, the nation's expansion to the Northwest, and the Mexican-American War.

Grade Level Therefore, the student is able to
5-12 Explain the economic, political, racial, and religious roots of Manifest Destiny and analyze how the concept influenced the westward expansion of the nation. [Examine the influence of ideas]

STANDARD 2
How the industrial revolution, increasing immigration, the rapid expansion of slavery, and the westward movement changed the lives of Americans and led toward regional tensions

Standard 2A
The student understands how the factory system and the transportation and market revolutions shaped regional patterns of economic development.

Grade Level Therefore, the student is able to
5-12 Explain how the major technological developments that revolutionized land and water transportation arose and analyze how they transformed the economy, created international markets, and affected the environment. [Analyze cause-and-effect relationships]
9-12 Explain how economic policies related to expansion, including northern dominance of locomotive transportation, served different regional interests and contributed to growing political and sectional differences. [Compare and contrast differing sets of ideas]
9-12 Compare how patterns of economic growth and recession affected territorial expansion and community life in the North, South, and West. [Analyze cause-and-effect relationships]

Standard 2B
The student understands the first era of American urbanization.

Grade Level Therefore, the student is able to
7-12 Analyze how rapid urbanization, immigration, and industrialization affected the social fabric of early 19th-century cities. [Analyze cause-and-effect relationships]
5-12 Compare popular and high culture in the growing cities. [Compare and contrast differing sets of ideas]

Standard 2D
The student understands the rapid growth of "the peculiar institution" after 1800 and the varied experiences of African Americans under slavery.

Grade Level Therefore, the student is able to
5-12 Explain how the cotton gin and the opening of new lands in the South and West led to the increased demand for slaves. [Analyze cause-and-effect relationships]
5-12 Describe the plantation system and the roles of their owners, their families, hired white workers, and enslaved African Americans. [Consider multiple perspectives]

Standard 2E
The student understands the settlement of the West.

Grade Level Therefore, the student is able to
5-12 Explore the lure of the West and the reality of life on the frontier. [Examine the influence of ideas]
5-12 Examine the origins and political organization of the Mormons, explaining the motives for their trek west and evaluating their contributions to the settlement of the West. [Appreciate historical perspectives]
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